講演者：Prof. Lailai Zhu (シンガポール国立大)
タイトル：Emerging states of isotropic self-phoretic disks: from crystalline solid to active turbulence
Active droplets and Janus colloids are popular phoretic swimmers extensively developed to generate emergent collective behaviours reminiscent of biological systems. This development will benefit from a proper understanding of their emergence. Recent modeling has helped us understand how Janus colloids self-organize collectively, whereas it remains largely elusive for active droplets due to the substantially increased difficulty modelling them. Here, we conduct simulations resolving full hydrochemical interactions to examine a model system—a suspension of self-phoretic disks, spanning a parameter space of Péclet number and area fraction. Varying them, the suspension self-organizes into diverse states: triangular lattice crystal, liquid phase, gas-like clusters, and active turbulence. A narrow range of hexatic phase between the liquid and solid phases has been identified, with its emergence well captured by our far-field scaling theory. Our simulations have reproduced a few independently reported experimental observations, including the crossing and reflecting trajectories of two active droplets, and the stationary crystalline structure formed by or turbulent motion of camphor boats (as the macroscopic analogy of active droplets). These findings might illuminate building biomimetic architectures with static patterns, or dynamically adaptive organizations and functionalities.